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The Rio Group (G-Rio) was a permanent association of political consultation of Latin America and Caribbean countries, created in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on December 18, 1986 with the purpose of creating a better political relationship among the countries. It was succeeded in 2011 by the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States[1]

The first countries to be members of this organization were Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela, the same members of the Contadora Group (Mexico, Colombia and Panama) and the Contadora Support Group (Argentina, Brazil, Peru, and Uruguay) which is also known as the Group of Lima or Group of Eight. The purpose of this group was to strengthen the political relationships and some issues among Latin American and Caribbean countries, this group was based on consultations of common interest such as the Latin American unity, by 2010 the Rio Group was composed by 23 countries and 1 representative from the Eastern Caribbean. On July 29, 1985, Argentina, Peru, and Uruguay announced the creation of the Contadora Support Group or Lima Group, which together with the Contadora Group was known as the Group of Eight.[2]

In 1983, the governments of Mexico, Colombia, Panama, and Venezuela established a system to promote peace in Central America. On June 6, 1986, The Central American countries visited Panama and signed the Contadora Act for peace and cooperation of Central America in which they signed to strengthen peace and cooperation among the peoples of the region and improve political confidence among the Central American countries caused by border incidents such as the arms race, arms trafficking, among others. this was also signed to restore economic development and cooperation in Central America and thus be able to negotiate better access to international markets.


  • Political cooperation among the governments of member countries.
  • Examine and solve international issues.
  • Promote the best function and coordination of Latin American organizations.
  • Present solutions for problems that affect the region.
  • Improving inter-American relations.
  • New fields of cooperation that favor economic, social, scientific and technological development.[3]

Member states

Member states/organizations in alphabetical order by column:[citation needed]

List of summit meetings

Summit Year City Seat country
I 1987 Acapulco  Mexico
II 1988 Montevideo  Uruguay
III 1989 Ica  Peru
IV 1990 Caracas  Venezuela
V 1991 Cartagena  Colombia
VI 1992 Buenos Aires  Argentina
VII 1993 Santiago  Chile
VIII 1994 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil
IX 1995 Quito  Ecuador
X 1996 Cochabamba  Bolivia
XI 1997 Asunción  Paraguay
XII 1998 Panama City  Panama
XIII 1999 Veracruz  Mexico
XIV 2000 Cartagena  Colombia
XV 2001 Santiago  Chile
XVI 2002 San José  Costa Rica
XVII 2003 Cusco  Peru
XVIII 2004 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil
XIX 2007 Georgetown  Guyana
XX 2008 Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic
I Extraordinaria 2009 Zacatecas  Mexico
II Extraordinaria 2009 Managua  Nicaragua
XXI 2010 Cancún  Mexico

Institutional Ministerial Meetings with the European Union

The Rio Group and the European Union maintains an institutionalized dialogue, based on the 1990 Rome Declaration.[5]

Summit Year Month Date City Country
I 1991 April 26-27 Luxembourg City Luxembourg
II 1992 May 28-29 Santiago Chile
III 1993 April 23-24 Copenhagen Denmark
IV 1994 April 22-23 São Paulo Brazil
V 1995 March 17 Paris France
VI 1996 April 15-16 Cochabamba Bolivia
VII 1997 April 7-8 Noordwijk Netherlands
VIII 1998 February 11-12 Panama Panama
IX 2000 February 24 Vilamoura Portugal
X 2001 March 28 Santiago Chile
XI 2003 April 24-25 Vouliagmeni Greece

Rio Group ministers meet in Brasilia

Foreign ministers of the group of Rio gathered for a two-day meeting to discuss issues including the political situation in Haiti, and to make preparations for the group's 18th summit set for November 4–5. During the meeting, Celso Amorim said that the Brazilian troops are taking part in the United Nations Stabilization Mission for Haiti (MINUSTAH). He discussed the integration of South and Latin America, and said that the Rio Group could play an important role in facilitating the reinsertion of Cuba into the family of Latin America.

Amorim also said “The Group of Rio has developed its capability to address new issues, mostly economic and cooperation ones, and is now serving as an important mechanism for dialogue.”

During the meeting in Nov 4-5 in Rio de Janeiro, the group discuss the effects of globalization on Latin America countries. By this time Rio Group compromises 19 countries, including Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela.[6]

The Cancun Summit and the renovation of Rio Group

Carlos Federico Domínguez Ávila

During the meeting of presidents of Latin America and the Caribbean in Cancun, Mexico, the presidents discussed the renewal and recomposition of the Permanent Mechanism for Consultation and Political Coordination, also known as the Rio Group. The Rio Group was created in 1986 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil by representatives of eight countries, by 2010 the Rio Group was composed by 23 countries and 1 representative from the Eastern Caribbean. One of the most important virtues of the Rio Group was Meridian 47n. 115, Feb.2010 [p. 27-28] the only Political and diplomatic forum that brings together all 33 states that make up “America”.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Presidentes constituyen la Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños, EFE, February 23, 2010.
  2. ^ "Rio Group | Treaties & Regimes". Retrieved 2018-03-21.
  3. ^ "Gloobal - Grupo de Rio". Retrieved 2018-03-21.
  4. ^ Rio Group, Nuclear Threat Initiative (last updated April 25, 2012).
  5. ^ "plantilla.jpg". 2005-04-13. Archived from the original on 2005-04-13. Retrieved 2018-03-21.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  6. ^ Roll Call, CQ (August 20, 2004). "Group of Rio ministers meet in Brasilia on regional issues, XINHUA". World Sources Online.
  7. ^ Dominguez Avila, Carlos Federico (2010). "A cúpula de Cancun e a recomposição do Grupo do Rio: Apontamentos para um debate". Meridiano 47 - Journal of Global Studies.