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List of prime ministers of Somalia

Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Somalia
Flag of Somalia.svg Somalia portal

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Somalia. The Prime Minister of Somalia (Somali: Ra'iisul wasaaraha Soomaaliya) is the head of government of Somalia. There have been 18 official prime ministers since the office was created in 1956. The first Prime Minister was Abdullahi Issa, who served prior to independence in the Trust Territory of Somaliland. The incumbent Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia is Hassan Ali Khayre.

List

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election
Took office Left office Time in office
Flag of Italy.svgTrust Territory of Somaliland (1956–1960) • Italian Somaliland COA.svg
1
Abdullahi Issa
Abdullahi Issa
(1921–1988)
29 February 19561 July 19604 years, 123 daysSYL1956
1959
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Republic (1960–1969) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
2
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
1 July 196012 July 196011 daysSYL
3
Abdirashid Shermarke
Abdirashid Shermarke
(1919–1969)
12 July 196014 June 19646 years, 337 daysSYL
4
Abdirizak Haji Hussein
Abdirizak Haji Hussein
(1924–2014)
14 June 196415 July 196731 daysSYL1964
(2)
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
(Deposed)
15 July 196721 October 19692 years, 98 daysSYL1969
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Democratic Republic (1969–1991) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Post Abolished (21 October 1969–1 February 1987)
5
Mohammad Ali Samatar
Mohammad Ali Samatar
(1931–2016)
1 February 19873 September 19903 years, 214 daysSRSP
6
Hawadle Madar
Hawadle Madar
(1939–2005)
(Deposed)
3 September 199024 January 1991143 daysSRSP
Flag of Somalia.svgInterim Government of Somalia (1991–1997) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
7
Umar Ghalib
Umar Ghalib
(born 1930)
[1]
24 January 1991May 1993
(De facto to 3 January 1997)
5 years, 345 daysUSC
Vacant (May 1993–8 October 2000)[1]
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional National Government of Somalia (2000–2004) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
8
Ali Khalif Galaydh
Ali Khalif Galaydh
(born 1941)
8 October 200028 October 20011 year, 20 daysIndependent
Osman Jama Ali
Osman Jama Ali
(born 1941)
Acting
28 October 200112 November 200115 daysIndependent
9
Hassan Abshir Farah
Hassan Abshir Farah
(born 1945)
12 November 20018 November 20031 year, 361 daysIndependent
10
Muhammad Abdi Yusuf
Muhammad Abdi Yusuf
(born 1941)
8 November 200323 December 20041 year, 45 daysIndependent
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional Federal Government of Somalia (2004–2012) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
11
Ali Gedi
Ali Gedi
(born 1952)
23 December 200430 October 2007
(Resigned)
2 years, 311 daysIndependent
Salim Aliyow Ibrow
Salim Aliyow Ibrow
(born 1942)
Acting
30 October 200724 November 200725 daysIndependent
12
Nur Hassan Hussein
Nur Hassan Hussein
(1937–2020)
24 November 200714 February 20091 year, 82 daysIndependent
13
Omar Sharmarke
Omar Sharmarke
(born 1960)
14 February 200924 September 20101 year, 222 daysIndependent
Abdiwahid Gonjeh
Abdiwahid Gonjeh
(born 1962)
Acting
24 September 20101 November 201038 daysIndependent
14
Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo
Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo
(born 1962)
1 November 201019 June 2011230 daysIndependent
15
Abdiweli Gaas
Abdiweli Gaas
(born 1965)
19 June 201120 August 20121 year, 62 daysIndependent
Flag of Somalia.svgFederal Republic of Somalia (2012–present) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Abdiweli Gaas
Abdiweli Gaas
(born 1965)
Acting
20 August 201217 October 201258 daysIndependent
16
Abdi Farah Shirdon
Abdi Farah Shirdon
(born 1958)
17 October 201221 December 20131 year, 65 daysIndependent
17
Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
(born 1959)
21 December 201324 December 20141 year, 3 daysIndependent
(13)
Omar Sharmarke
Omar Sharmarke
(born 1960)
24 December 20141 March 20172 years, 67 daysIndependent2016
18
Hassan Ali Khayre
Hassan Ali Khayre
(born 1968)
1 March 2017Incumbent3 years, 123 daysIndependent

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b From November 1991 to 2000, there was no recognized central government. The southern part of the country was controlled by different faction leaders; notably General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, who claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 4 August 1996 to 20 March 1998. Decentralization took place in other areas, characterized by a return to customary and religious law in many places as well as the establishment of autonomous regional governments in the northern part of the country.

References