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Portal:Caribbean

The CARIBBEAN PORTAL

Relief Map of Caribbean.png

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Flag of the CARICOM
Playa de Cayo Levantado
Location Caribbean.png

The Caribbean (/ˌkærɪˈbən, kəˈrɪbiən/, locally /ˈkærɪbiæn/) is a region of the Americas that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, and north of South America.

Situated largely on the Caribbean Plate, the region has more than 700 islands, islets, reefs and cays (see the list of Caribbean islands). Island arcs delineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean Sea: The Greater Antilles on the north and the Lesser Antilles on the south and east (which includes the Leeward Antilles). They form the West Indies with the nearby Lucayan Archipelago (the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands), which are sometimes considered Caribbean despite not bordering the Caribbean Sea. On the mainland, Belize, Nicaragua, the Caribbean region of Colombia, Cozumel, the Yucatán Peninsula, Margarita Island, and the Guyanas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Guayana Region in Venezuela, and Amapá in Brazil) are often included due to their political and cultural ties with the region.

Geopolitically, the islands of the Caribbean (the West Indies) are often regarded as a region of North America, though sometimes they are included in Central America or left as a region of their own. and are organized into 30 territories including sovereign states, overseas departments, and dependencies. From December 15, 1954, to October 10, 2010, there was a country known as the Netherlands Antilles composed of five states, all of which were Dutch dependencies. From January 3, 1958, to May 31, 1962, there was also a short-lived political union called the West Indies Federation composed of ten English-speaking Caribbean territories, all of which were then British dependencies. The West Indies cricket team continues to represent many of those nations. Read more…

Featured article

The West Indian cricket team in England in 1988 played 16 first-class cricket matches under the captaincy of Viv Richards. The West Indian cricket team enjoyed tremendous success during the tour while the England cricket team endured a “disastrous summer” of continuous change.

England easily won the initial three-match One-day International (ODI) series, retaining the Texaco Trophy and raising expectations for a successful summer against West Indies in the following five-match Test series. However, West Indies comfortably retained the Wisden Trophy, winning the Test series 4-0.

Perhaps as a reference to the Year of the Four Emperors in 69 AD, this West Indian tour has become known in cricketing circles as the summer of four captains as the England cricket team used four different captains in the five-match Test series.

Did you know?

AdmiraltyBayBequia.jpg
  • …that Bequia, the name of the largest island in the Grenadines (pictured), means “island of clouds” in Arawak?
  • …that Sociolismo is an informal term used in Cuba to describe the reciprocal exchange of favors by individuals?

Selected cuisine

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Cuisine of Jamaica contains cooking techniques, flavors, spices and influences from each of the many waves of immigration to the island. The Spanish, the first European arrivals to the island, contributed dishes such as the vinegary concoction escovitch fish. Later, English influences developed the Jamaican pattie, a turnover filled with spicy meat. African cuisine developed on the island as a result of waves of slavery introduced by the European powers. Chinese and East Indian influences can also been found in Jamaican cuisine, as a result of indentured laborers who replaced slaves after emancipation brought their own culinary talents. Today, dishes which grace nearly every Jamaican menu include curried goat, fried dumplings, ackee and salt fish (cod) (the is the national dish of Jamaica), fried plantain, “jerk“, steamed cabbage and rice and peas (actually kidney beans).

Selected image

Reconstruction of Taíno village
Credit: Michal Zalewski

Reconstruction of a Taíno village in Cuba.

Selected geography article

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Trinidad and Tobago is an archipelagic republic consisting of 23 islands in the southern Caribbean between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela. They are southeasterly islands of the Lesser Antilles, located close to the South American mainland. Covering an area of 5,128 square kilometres (1,979 square miles), the country consists of the two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and 21 smaller islands – including Chacachacare, Monos, Huevos, Gaspar Grande (or Gasparee), Little Tobago, and St. Giles Island. Trinidad is 11 km (7 mi) off the northeast coast of Venezuela and 130 km south of the Grenadines.

Selected music

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The music of Puerto Rico has been influenced by African and European (especially Spanish) forms, and has become popular across the Caribbean and in some communities worldwide. Native popular genres include bomba and plena, while more modern innovations include the hip hop fusion reggaeton.

Related portals

Caribbean Island Topics

Caribbean Community Caribbean
Flag of Anguilla.svg Anguilla
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda
Flag of Aruba.svg Aruba
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados
Flag of Belize.svg Belize
Flag of Bonaire.svg Bonaire
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg British Virgin Islands
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg Cayman Islands
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba
Flag of Curaçao.svg Curaçao

Flag of Dominica.svg Dominica
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic
Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada
Flag of France.svg Guadeloupe
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica
Flag of France.svg Martinique
Flag of Montserrat.svg Montserrat
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico
Flag of France.svg 

Flag of Saba.svg Saba
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia
Flag of France.svg Saint Martin
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag of Sint Eustatius.svg Sint Eustatius
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg Sint Maarten
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg Turks and Caicos Islands
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg United States Virgin Islands

Regions and Cities

Flag of the West Indies Federation (1958–1962).svg West Indies Federation

Flag of the Netherlands Antilles (1986–2010).svg Netherlands Antilles

Culture and Interests

 West Indies Cricket

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