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List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the West Indies

Antillas (orthographic projection).svg

This a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the West Indies.

The West Indies can be taken to mean all the countries in and around the Caribbean Sea that lies within an area that stretches from Grand Bahama Island in the north to Curaçao in the south, and French Guiana in the east to Belize in the west. This is an expanse (mostly of ocean) which measures about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometres) from north to south, and over 2,500 miles (4,000 kilometres) from east to west.

Ignoring the Central and South American nations that border the Caribbean Sea (whose cultural and linguistic heritage sets their history out of the scope of the region) there is a total of thirteen independent or sovereign states and nine island groupings that remain dependencies in one form or another, to the nations of the United Kingdom, United States, France, and the Netherlands.[1]

Sovereign states

Most sovereign states in the West Indies (and one British dependency) are members of the Caribbean Community, which is an international organisation formed to promote regional integration and collaboration among its member states.

Note that Bermuda, is a member of the Caribbean Community, though the nation lies in the Atlantic Ocean, not in the West Indies.

  Member of the Caribbean Community only
Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency[2] Official languages Area (km2) Population[3] (2016) GDP per capita (PPP) (US$)
Antigua and Barbuda[4] Antigua and Barbuda St. John’s East Caribbean dollar English 440 100,963 18,400
The Bahamas (The Commonwealth of The Bahamas)[5] The Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar English 13,878 391,232 32,000
Barbados[6] Barbados Bridgetown Barbadian dollar English 431 284,996 25,100
Cuba[7] (Republic of Cuba) Cuba Havana Cuban peso Spanish 109,886 11,475,982 10,200
Dominica (Commonwealth of Dominica)[8] Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar English 754 73,543 14,300
Dominican Republic[9] Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican peso Spanish 48,442 10,648,791 9,700
Grenada[10] Grenada St. George’s East Caribbean dollar English 344 107,317 13,800
Haiti[11] (Republic of Haiti) Haiti Port-au-Prince Haitian gourde French, Haitian Creole 27,750 10,847,334 1,300
Jamaica[12] Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar English 10,991 2,881,355 9,000
Saint Kitts and Nevis (Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis)[13] Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar English 261 54,821 16,300
Saint Lucia[14] Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean dollar English 616 178,015 13,100
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[15] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean dollar English 389 109,643 12,100
Trinidad and Tobago [16] (Republic of Trinidad and Tobago) Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar English 5,131 1,364,962 20,300

Dependent territories

Montserrat is a member of both the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States and the Caribbean Community despite being a dependent nation of the United Kingdom. The island regions of Martinique, Guadeloupe and the BES islands are not included here because they are not technically dependent territories of the countries mentioned, instead being integrated areas of France and the Netherlands respectively.

Name Country Flag Capital Currency Official languages Area (km2) Population[3] (2016) GDP per capita (PPP) (US$)
Anguilla[17] United Kingdom Anguilla The Valley East Caribbean dollar English 91 14,764 12,200
Aruba[18] Netherlands Aruba Oranjestad Aruban Florin Dutch, Papiamento 180 104,822 25,300 (2011 est)
British Virgin Islands[19] United Kingdom British Virgin Islands Road Town United States dollar English 153 30,661 42,300
Cayman Islands[20] United Kingdom Cayman Islands George Town Cayman Islands dollar English 264 60,765 43,800
Curaçao[21] Netherlands Curaçao Willemstad Netherlands Antillean guilder Dutch, Papiamento, English 444 159,371 15,000 (est)
Montserrat[22] United Kingdom Montserrat Plymouth (de jure)
Brades (de facto)
East Caribbean dollar English 102 5,152 8,500
Puerto Rico[23] United States Puerto Rico San Juan United States dollar Spanish, English 9,104 3,667,903 27,384
Saint Barthélemy[24] France Saint Barthélemy Gustavia Euro French 22 7,267 37,000
Collectivity of Saint Martin[25] France Collectivity of Saint Martin Marigot Euro French 54 31,530 19,300
Sint Maarten[26] Netherlands Sint Maarten Philipsburg Netherlands Antillean guilder Dutch, English 34 39,537 15,400
Turks and Caicos Islands[27] United Kingdom Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town United States dollar English 616 34,900 29,100
United States Virgin Islands[28] United States United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie United States dollar English 346 104,913 14,500

The phrase “Caribbean countries”

Depending on the speaker and the context, the phrase “Caribbean countries” has a variety of meanings:[29] Such as these images show below

See also


  1. ^ [Amerindians to Africans, (page one) published by Macmillan Caribbean] Archived April 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ “List of currencies of the world with ISO-4217”. countries-of Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  3. ^ a b “World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision”. (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  4. ^ Cia account on Antigua and Barbuda
  5. ^ Cia account on the Bahamas
  6. ^ Cia account on Barbados
  7. ^ Cia account on Cuba
  8. ^ Cia account on Dominica
  9. ^ Cia account of the Dominican Republic
  10. ^ “Central America and Caribbean: Grenada”. The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  11. ^ “Central America :: Haiti — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency”.
  12. ^ CIA account on Jamaica
  13. ^ Cia account on Saint Kitts and Nevis
  14. ^ Cia account on Saint Lucia
  15. ^ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  16. ^ CIA account of Trinidad and Tobago
  17. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  18. ^ “Aruba”. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  19. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  20. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  21. ^ “Curacao”. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  22. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  23. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  24. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  25. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  26. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  27. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  28. ^ (Central Intelligence Agency)
  29. ^ (the meaning of the word “Caribbean”)