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The Indian Century[1][2] is the idea that the 21st century will be dominated by India, as the 20th century is often called the American Century,[3] and the 19th century as Pax Britannica (British Peace).[4] The phrase is used particularly in the assertion that the economy of India could overtake[5][6] the economy of the United States and economy of China as the largest national economy in the world,[7] a position it held[8] from 1 to 1500 CE and from 1600 to 1700 CE.[9][10]

India is a member of Build Back Better World and has also created North–South Transport Corridor as an alternative to the Belt and Road Initiative policy initiative of China (PRC),[11][12][13] to link in with Iran, Russia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. In 2017, India and Japan[14][15] joined together to form Asia-Africa Growth Corridor, to better integrate the economies of South, Southeast, and East Asia with Oceania and Africa.[14][15] India also engages in Quadrilateral Security Dialogue and Malabar (naval exercise) for China containment policy.

According to the report named "Indian Century: Defining India's Place in a Rapidly Changing Global Economy" by IBM Institute for Business Value, India is predicted to be among the world's highest-growth nations over the coming years.[16][17][18]


Top five countries by military expenditure in 2016.
According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.[19]

One of the key factors includes its populous democracy.[20][21] As per United Nations report, India will overtake China to become the world's most populous nation by 2022.[22][23]

Economists and researchers at Harvard University have projected India's 7% projected annual growth rate through 2024 will continue to put it ahead of China, making India the fastest growing major economy in the world.[24][25] In 2017, the Center for International Development at Harvard University published a research study[26] projecting that India has emerged[26] as the economic pole of global growth by surpassing China and is expected to maintain its lead over the coming decade.[26]

India is very recently being considered a major great power or emerging so (well beyond middle powers) and generally considered an emerging superpower due to its large and stable population and its rapidly growing economic and military sectors.[27]

See also


  1. ^ Nayan Chanda; Clyde Prestowitz (3 December 2012). A World Connected. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0977992201.
  2. ^ Martin Halliwell; Catherine Morley (2008). American Thought and Culture in the 21st Century. Oxford University Press. p. 10. ISBN 9780748626021.
  3. ^ "21st century is going to be Indian century: Alagappan". OneIndia(UNI). 1 December 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  4. ^ Halliwell, Martin; Catherine Morley (2008). American Thought and Culture in the 21st Century. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 9–10. ISBN 978-0748626021.
  5. ^ "The West and the Rest in the International Economic Order". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  6. ^ "China, India to Overtake U.S. Economy by 2050". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Of Oxford, economics, empire, and freedom". The Hindu. Chennai. 2 October 2005. Archived from the original on 27 October 2005. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  8. ^ An Era of Darkness: The British Empire in India. Aleph Book Company. 2016. ISBN 978-9383064656.
  9. ^ "ADFQtcg.png". Glavkon Struktor. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  10. ^ Data Source: Tables of Prof. Angus Maddison (2010). The per capita GDP over various years and population data can be downloaded in a spreadsheet from here.
  11. ^ "India ratifies TIR Convention to access transnational multi-modal connectivity". Mint. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  12. ^ "Watch Out, China: India Is Building A 'New Silk Road' Of Its Own". Forbes. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  13. ^ "PM Modi in Russia: How fastracking North-South corridor will help India counter Chinese OBOR". The Financial Express (India). Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  14. ^ a b "India And Japan Join Forces To Counter China And Build Their Own New Silk Road". Forbes. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Ignoring OBOR, India and Japan forge ahead with joint connectivity project". The Economic Times. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  16. ^ Banda, Madhuri; Patrao, Clifford; Marshall, Anthony. "Indian Century - Defining India's place in a rapidly changing global economy". Institute for Business Value. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  17. ^ "India to be world's highest growth nation in 21st century: IBM study". Business Standard. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  18. ^ "21st century is India's century: IBM chief Virginia Rometty". Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  19. ^ "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2019" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  20. ^ "'India’s decade could pave way for an Indian century'." Archived 2013-05-08 at the Wayback Machine Hindustan Times.
  21. ^ "Next century will be India's, says WSJ". Oman Tribune. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015.
  22. ^ "India 'to overtake China's population by 2022' - UN". BBC. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  23. ^ "World Population Prospects 2017 - UN". United Nations. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  24. ^ "New Growth Projections Predict the Rise of India, East Africa and Fall of Oil Economies". 7 May 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  25. ^ "India Will Be Fastest-Growing Economy for Coming Decade, Harvard Researchers Predict". The Wall Street Journal. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  26. ^ a b c "New 2025 Global Growth Projections Predict China's Further Slowdown and the Continued Rise of India". Harvard University. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  27. ^ Lydon, Christopher (6 August 2010). "Real India: A Historian's Cautions on "The Indian Century" (AUDIO)". Huffington Post.

Further reading

  • "Is this the Indian century?" The Guardian.
  • China's Century — or India's? Time
  • India, China to become superpowers in two decades The Economic Times.
  • China and India: The Power of Two Harvard Business Review
  • "Lesson From Old India" The New York Times
  • Dirks, Nicholas (2008) The Scandal of Empire: India and the Creation of Imperial Britain. Belknap Press ISBN 978-0-674-02724-4.
  • Durant, Will (1930) The Case for India. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Gupte, Pranay (29 December 2013). "The Indian Century, great war to 2014". Deccan Chronicle.
  • Kennedy, Paul (1989) The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers. Vintage. ISBN 978-0-679-72019-5.
  • Lak, Daniel (2009) India Express: The Future of the New Superpower. Palgrave Macmillan ISBN 0-230-61759-X.
  • Luce, Edward (2008) In Spite of the Gods: The Rise of Modern India. Anchor ISBN 978-1-4000-7977-3.
  • Marks, Robert (2007) The Origins of the Modern World: A Global and Ecological Narrative from the Fifteenth to the Twenty-first Century. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ISBN 978-0-7425-5419-1.
  • McKinsey & Company Inc. (2013) Reimagining India: Unlocking the Potential of Asia's Next Superpower. Simon & Schuster ISBN 978-1-4767-3530-6.
  • Meredith, Robyn (2008) The Elephant and the Dragon: The Rise of India and China and What It Means for All of Us. W. W. Norton & Company ISBN 978-0-393-33193-6.
  • Parthasarathi, Prasannan (2011) Why Europe Grew Rich and Asia Did Not : Global Economic Divergence, 1600–1850. Cambridge University Press ISBN 978-0-521-16824-3.
  • Rothermund, Dietmar (2008) India: The Rise of an Asian Giant. Yale University Press ISBN 978-0-300-11309-9
  • Sieff, Martin (2010) Shifting Superpowers: The New and Emerging Relationships between the United States, China and India. Cato Institute ISBN 978-1-935308-21-8.
  • Smith, Jeff (2013) Cold Peace: China-India Rivalry in the Twenty-First Century. Lexington Books ISBN 978-0-7391-8278-9.
  • Tharoor, Shashi (2012) Pax Indica: India and the World of the Twenty-First Century. Penguin Global ISBN 978-0-670-08574-3.

External links