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The Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (FPDSA; Spanish: Foro para el Progreso y Desarrollo de América del Sur, PROSUR; Portuguese: Fórum para o Progresso e Desenvolvimento da América do Sul, PROSUL) is an initiative by Sebastián Piñera and Iván Duque, for the creation of an integration body to replace the Union of South American Nations.

In the words of the Colombian president, who made the announcement on 14 January 2019, PROSUR would be "a South American coordination mechanism for public policies, in defense of democracy, the independence of powers, the market economy, the social agenda, with sustainability and with due application".[2] On 18 February 2019, the President of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, said "this new forum will be open to all South American countries that meet two requirements: full validity of the rule of law and full respect for freedoms and human rights".[3]

It has been characterised as a right-wing response to the left-wing UNASUR.[4][5]

Summits

The first PROSUR Summit, called the "Meeting of Presidents of South America", took place on 22 March 2019 in Santiago, Chile. Eight South American countries taking part (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay and Peru) signed the Declaration of Santiago for the renewal and strengthening of South America, which begins the process of creating of PROSUR. The representatives of Bolivia, Suriname and Uruguay abstained from signing the declaration.[6] Representatives from Venezuela were not invited to the summit in Santiago.[7]

The second PROSUR Summit took place on 12 December 2020; due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it was held virtually. The heads of state of Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru participated in the summit, with Prime Minister Mark Phillips of Guyana and President Luis Lacalle Pou of Uruguay invited as special guests. During the summit, the presidency pro tempore was transferred from its inaugural holder, Chilean President Sebastián Piñera to Colombian President Iván Duque. A presidential declaration was adopted to formalize the transfer and promote regional cooperation between its members in matters related to the pandemic.[8][9]

Year # Date Place Host
2019 1st 22 March Santiago, Chile Sebastian Piñera
2020 2nd[10] 12 December Videoconference Sebastian Piñera

President pro tempore

The temporary presidency is exercised for a period of one year and will be rotated among the member countries between each PROSUR meeting. Since December 2020, the current president pro tempore of PROSUR is Colombian President Iván Duque.[11]

No. President pro tempore Portrait Country Beginning of the mandate End of the mandate
1 Sebastián Piñera Retrato Oficial Presidente Piñera 2018 (cropped7).jpg  Chile 22 March 2019 12 December 2020
2 Iván Duque Iván Duque, presidente de Colombia.jpg  Colombia 12 December 2020 Incumbent

See also

References

  1. ^ Patricia Luna (22 March 2019). "South American leaders launch new bloc to replace Unasur". The Star. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. ^ República, Presidencia de la. "Texto de la declaración del Presidente Duque sobre Prosur en entrevista con 'Oye Cali'" (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  3. ^ "South American presidents announce creation of new regional bloc". Reuters. 22 March 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Why Prosur is not the way to unite South America". The Economist. 21 March 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Bolsonaro says Brazil owes world nothing on environment". Business Standard. Agence France-Presse. 24 March 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Líderes sul-americanos assinam documento para criação do Prosul". G1 (in Portuguese). 22 March 2019. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  7. ^ "South America leaders form Prosur to replace defunct Unasur bloc". DW News. 23 March 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Cumbre Presidencial PROSUR". foroprosur.org (in Spanish). 12 December 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Prosur backs Chile's initiative to promote a global treaty on pandemics". gob.cl. 25 February 2021. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Prosur agrees to joint efforts on the environment and vaccines against covid". Explica.co. Explica. 12 December 2020. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  11. ^ "Jefe de Estado y canciller participan de cumbre virtual del Prosur". Agencia de Información Paraguaya (in Spanish). 13 December 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2021.