The Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA) is a regional public health agency headquartered in Trinidad and Tobago which was established by CARICOM leaders in July 2011 and began operation in 2013.
CARPHA combines the functions of five pre-existing regional health institutions:
- The Caribbean Environmental Health Institute (CEHI)
- The Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC)
- The Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI)
- The Caribbean Health Research Centre (CHRC)
- The Caribbean Research and Drug Treatment Laboratory (CRDTL)
The CARPHA was established in 2013.
CARPHA's self-stated mission is "As a professional organisation to build member states' capacity to prevent disease and promote health and wellness through leadership, partnership and innovation in public health".
CARPHA aims to address regional issues including:
- Responding to disasters like hurricanes, earthquakes, and flooding.
- Monitoring and managing both communicable diseases (e.g. HIV/AIDS and COVID-19) and non communicable diseases (e.g. obesity and diabetes) that are prevalent in the region.
- Monitoring and preventing injuries, violence and illnesses in work places.
- Contributing to global health agreements and compliance with international health regulations.
During the COVID-19 pandemic CARPHA has been performing tests for 18 countries in the region but warned on 5 April 2020, that they were running short on reagents required for COVID-19 testing and expected to be able to continue testing for three weeks.[needs update]
On 11 April 2020, Prime Minister Mia Mottley of Barbados who is the CARICOM Chair, called a special Heads of Government meeting to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic, and establish a common public health protocol, and border policy. The governments have agreed to the proposal in a virtual meeting.[needs update]
CARPHA has 26 full members throughout the Americas.
|Antigua and Barbuda||-||96,286|
|BES Islands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, Saba)||-||25,711|
|British Virgin Islands||-||29,802|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||-||52,441|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||-||110,211|
|Trinidad and Tobago||-||1,389,843|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||-||37,665|
For similar agencies, please see the List of national public health agencies
- "CARICOM to Establish Health Agency". Caribbean Journal. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
- "Remarks by Ambassador Irwin LaRocque, Secretary-General of the Caribbean Community, (CARICOM) At The Launch of the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA)". CARICOM. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
- "Caribbean Public Health Agency to launch operations in 2013". Kaieteur News. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
- "BSL-3 lab funded by Canada initiative of The Global Partnership Program Press Release". Germfree Laboratories, Inc. 20 May 2014.
- "Canada donates Biosafety Level 3 modular laboratory to Caribbean health authorities". Homeland Security News Wire. News Wire Publications, LLC News Wire Publications, LLC. 2 June 2014.
- "About The Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA)". CARPHA. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
- "Global shortage of key ingredient could affect COVID-19 testing in Caribbean". Jamaica Observer. 5 April 2020.
- "EU provides US$8.6M grant for C'bean to combat COVID-19". Kaieteur News. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
- "COVID-19: Special CARICOM Heads of Government meeting scheduled". Loop News Barbados. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
- "Caricom-staatshoofden stemmen in met gezamenlijk gezondheidsprotocol". Suriname Herald (in Dutch). Retrieved 17 April 2020.
- "Caribbean Public Health Agency Member States". The Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA). Retrieved 7 April 2021.
- ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
- ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.