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Bucharest Nine or the Bucharest Format (B9 or B-9; Polish: Bukaresztańska Dziewiątka, Romanian: Formatul București) is an organization founded in 4 November 2015 in Bucharest, Romania, at the initiative of the President of Romania Klaus Iohannis and the President of Poland Andrzej Duda during a bilateral meeting between them.[1] Members of it are Poland and Romania and also Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania and Slovakia. Its apparition was mainly a result of a perceived aggressive attitude from Russia following the annexation of Crimea from Ukraine and its posterior intervention in eastern Ukraine both in 2014. All members of the B9 were either part of the former Soviet Union (USSR) or of its sphere of influence.[2][3] An eastwards expansion of organizations such as B9 or the Three Seas Initiative to cover other countries like Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine has been proposed, although such a thing has not been publicly discussed within them.[3]

On 10 May 2021, during a B9 video conference summit to which the President of the United States Joe Biden joined, Iohannis (one of the two hosts of the summit, the other being Duda) said "Eastern European NATO states would like a bigger allied military presence on the bloc's eastern flank" following the mobilization of Russian troops near the Russian border with Ukraine which had happened some time before.[4]

See also

References