Bahrain is a small island state near the western shores of the Persian Gulf. Much of the cuisine of Bahrain is a mixture of Arabic, Persian, Indian, Balochi, African, Far East, and European food due to the influence of the various communities present, as Bahrain was an important sea port and trading junction since ancient times.
Some of the common dishes prepared in Bahraini households are:
- almsli (Arabic: المصلي) - Rice cooked with chicken, meat, fish or shrimp and the ingredients are cooked directly into the pot.
- Biryani, (Arabic: برياني) – A very common dish, which consists of heavily seasoned rice cooked with chicken or lamb. Originally from the Indian sub-continent.
- Figata, (Arabic: في قاعته) - White rice cooked with tomatoes and potatoes and eggplant in the bottom of the pan.
- Harees, (Arabic: هريس) – Wheat cooked with meat then mashed, usually topped with cinnamon sugar.
- Jireesh (Yireesh) (Arabic: جريش), – A mash of cooked spelt with chicken or lamb, tomatoes, and some spices.
- Machboos, (Arabic: مخبوس) – A dish made with mutton, chicken, or fish accompanied over fragrant rice that has been cooked in chicken/mutton well spiced broth.
- Mahyawa (Arabic: مهياوة) – A tangy fish sauce
- Mumawwash, (Arabic: مموش) – Rice cooked with Green lentils and can be topped with dry shrimp.
- Muhammar, (Arabic: محمر) – Another rice dish made from local rice with dates or sugar, is one of the most distinctive rice dishes in Bahrain and is always served with fried fish, especially the net fish of Bahrain.
- Qouzi, (Arabic: قوزي) – A Bahraini dish consisting of a roasted lamb stuffed with rice, meat, eggs, and other ingredients.
- Falafel (Arabic: فلافل ) -- A dish consists of fried chickpeas and is served as fried balls in sandwiches with vegetables.
- Al-Mudalal (Arabic: المدلل) -- It is rice cooked with herbs and is mixed with small pieces of chicken, and then a special kind of butter, which is specially prepared for this dish, is added.
- Ghuraiba (Arabic: الغريبة) – Brittle cookies made from flour, butter, powdered sugar and cardamom. It's usually served with Arabic coffee.
- qirs altaabi - A dish made of Flour, eggs and ground cardamom to make a paste that is heated on a hot surface.
- Khabeesa (Arabic: الخبيص) – Sweet dish made of flour and oil.
- Gaimat, (Arabic: قيمات) – Fried yeast dumplings soaked in saffron syrup (sugar, lemon, and saffron).
- Khanfaroosh, (Arabic: خنفروش) – A popular Bahraini dessert, a fried dessert prepared using molasses or milk, usually served in the morning breakfast with a cup of tea or coffee.
- Zalabia (Arabic: زلابية) – Fried dough soaked in syrup (sugar, lemon, and saffron) it has a distinctive swirly shape.
Typical Bahraini beverages
Bahrain produces only a small amount of its food requirements due to limited land space, and imports much of its food.
Bahraini has a cigarette, which is called sheesha (شيشة) and is served at outdoor cafes. People who smoke sheesha are common in rural areas.
- Sarah Al-Hamad (2008). Cardamom and Lime: Recipes from the Arabian Gulf. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 978-1-84537-988-9.